A nuts and bolts program that will not disappoint
In a message written to Judge Bruce Einhorn (ret.), an attendee expressed, "As an attendee of the 'Introduction to Immigration Practice' I wanted to thank you for your insightful and obviously dedicated presentation this afternoon.
The content and the analysis of what an attorney must know and be able to present on behalf of her client was both a challenge intellectually but more importantly a call for good work to be done.
I was especially moved by your last statement that 'if you decide to pursue this field of law...you might actually save a life.' There could be no better motivation.
I enjoyed the afternoon both the material presented and the obvious dedication with which it was presented.
Thank you for your time and your energy." G. Gottlieb, Esq.
"Fantastic! Really enjoyed the very clear discussion of issues relevant to day-to-day practice. Thank you!"
"[Judge Einhorn] is amazing and inspirational! He's a wealth of knowledge & a very effective instructor!"
"Lots of new info!"
"Excellent!" Donald Garrard, Esq.
"Good energy & display of expertise."
"A lot of practical knowlege!"
Dates and Times
To Be Announced
Don't miss this stellar panel of Immigration Law experts who will help you understand the complex legal issues involved in an immigration practice. Geared towards the new/newer Immigration attorney, this program is packed full of information to help you be a better practitioner.
Our panel is comprised of top-notch Immigration experts, including retired Immigration Judge Bruce Einhorn (San Francisco Seminar) and well known immigration attorney Bob Jobe as well as retired Immigration Judge Gilbert Gembacz (Los Angeles Seminar).
You will learn the terms of Art, legal meanings vs. common meanings including practical examples of standard phrases and terms you must understand to practice competently. You will learn about the four broad bases of legal immigration: a) Family-based; b) Employment-based; c) Humanitarian and d) Other.
You will understand immigration status, such as temporary, permanent, quasi-permanent and what it means to your client. You will learn how to obtain a visa and status for your client.
You will also learn about the three broad categories of illegal immigration, as well as detention and removal issues.
Our speakers will discuss the consequences of criminal convictions for the noncitizen client. Other topics to be covered include: waivers for grounds of inadmissibility and naturalization.
Additional issues will be discussed that are relevant to your immigration practice.
Attendees will have the opportunity to subscribe to the Finz Advance Tapes case update series on critical Immigration cases published in the 9th Circuit (or USSC), authored and recorded by Judge Bruce Einhorn, for 25% off the regular annual subscription rate.
What You Will Learn if You Attend This Seminar
I. Terms of Art
a. Legal meaning vs. common meaning
b. Examples: immigrant; visa; child
II. Broad bases of legal immigration
III. Temporary (nonimmigrant) visas
a. Obtaining the visa and status
IV. Permanent (immigrant) visas
c. Obtaining the visa and status
VII. Inadmissibility and removability
VIII. Consequences of Criminal Convictions for the Noncitizen
X. Refugee and Asylum
a. Bars to asylum
b. Eligibility to asylum
c. Hot issues:
d. Withholding (compared to asylum, similar/different)
e. Convention Against Torture
PDF Order Form
CLE Specialization Credit
Pincus Professional Education certifies that this activity has been approved for 6.0 hours of Appellate Specialization Certification credit in California.
Pincus Professional Education certifies this seminar has been approved for MCLE credit in the amount of 6.0 credit hours, including .5 hours of ethics credit in California.
Upon request, we will assist attorneys in asking for CLE credit in other states.
Faculty:Hon. Bruce J. Einhorn
United States Immigration Judge (Ret.)
Pepperdine Law School
The Honorable Bruce J. Einhorn served as a United States Immigration Judge in Los Angeles from July 29, 1990 through January 31, 2007. In that capacity, he presided over prosecutions initiated by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (”DHS”) against non-citizens in the United States whose lawful presence here has been placed into question by counsel for the government, including alleged terrorists. Judge Einhorn presided over bench trials in which DHS seeks the removal or deportation of non-citizens based on the circumstances of their entry into the country and/or their conduct (including their alleged terrorist and criminal conduct) following their arrival in the United States. Judge Einhorn also adjudicated the claims for relief of those non-citizens, including their applications for asylum and relief under the United Nations Convention against Torture. As a young lawyer with the U.S. Department of Justice in 1980, Judge Einhorn helped draft the final version of the Refugee Relief Act, which for the first time in U.S. history gave non-citizens the right to apply for asylum in the United States. Judge Einhorn thus adjudicated claims under the very statute of which he was a principal draftsperson. He has served as the Liaison Immigration Judge for Los Angeles and has also served as an instructor at the training academy for newly appointed Immigration Judges. In November 2007, Judge Einhorn hosted a National Conference on Asylum at Pepperdine University.
Judge Einhorn is now a Professor of International, Immigration, Asylum and Refugee Law at Pepperdine University in Malibu, CA, where he also serves as Founding Director of the Law School’s Asylum and Refugee Clinic.
Recently, the President-elect of the American Bar Association appointed Judge Einhorn to serve on the ABA’s National Commission on Immigration. At the same time, the non-partisan, D.C.-based think tank, The Constitution Project, has appointed Einhorn as its first member of its new National Immigration Committee. As an ABA member, Bruce Einhorn also serves as a member of the organization’s Judicial Division.
Bruce Einhorn has lectured on issues of international humanitarian law before the International Association of Refugee Law Judges, and has served with its Committee on Vulnerable Peoples. He has also conducted continuing legal education seminars for the American Immigration Law Association and the Los Angeles County Bar Association. Finally, he has conducted seminars on the interplay of federal immigration law and California criminal law before the Los Angeles County Superior Court Judges’ Conference, the State Public Defenders’ Conference, and several law school classes of several universities. He has also appeared on ABC television, Fox News, and CNN to discuss and advocate immigration reform, and National Public Radio to discuss national security and civil liberties in the post-9/11 world. Einhorn has also spoken to the Muslim Students Association of UCLA Law School on the dangers of ethnic and religious profiling post-9/11. Judge Einhorn was the judge who dismissed deportation proceedings against the last of the “L.A. Eight,” Palestinians accused of engaging in terrorist activities. Einhorn found the government’s failure to disclose potentially exculpatory evidence against the respondents to constitute a denial of the latter’s due process and statutory rights. The Department of Homeland Security decided to drop its appeal of Judge Einhorn’s dismissal of the cases
As an Immigration Judge, Bruce Einhorn issued major decisions on the granting of asylum to the following persecuted peoples: religious minorities, including Muslims from Europe, Evangelical Christians from the Middle East, China, and Russia, and Jews and Bah’ai members from Iran; women facing “honor killings,” victims of female genital mutilation and of rape in Africa, South Asia, and parts of the Arab world; racial and ethnic minorities from Nigeria, the Sudan, and Indonesia; and political dissidents, gays, and lesbians from many countries. Bruce Einhorn was also the first Immigration Judge to grant asylum to HIV-positive individuals and disabled children who faced socially-based persecution and the denial of available medical treatment in their native countries. Einhorn is currently working on his professional autobiography, and on a book about the legal and political culture of citizenship in the West, and particularly the United States.
For his judicial work, Bruce Einhorn has received the Human Rights Award of the Bah’ai community in Southern California, a Plaque of Honor from the Mexican-American Bar Association, a Career of Merit Award from the Cuban-American Bar Association, and Certificates of Merit from the Arab-American and Iran-American Bar Associations of Southern California. He has also received a Lifetime Professional Achievement Award from the California State Bar.
Since 1991, Judge Einhorn has also served as an Adjunct Professor of Immigration Law, International Human Rights Law and War Crimes Studies, and Legal Ethics at Pepperdine University School of Law in Malibu, California. He also sits on the Law School’s Board of Visitors. In 1997, Judge Einhorn received the Law School’s David McKibbin Excellence in Teaching Award. Einhorn is now a Professor of Law at Pepperdine where he directs the law school’s Asylum and Refugee Law Clinic, whose students under his supervision represent indigent asylum applicants in federal administrative, trial, and appellate proceedings.
Since 1990, Bruce Einhorn has participated as a lay activist in the work of the Anti-Defamation League (“ADL”). He has held various positions in ADL, including Life Membership on the League’s National Commission and membership on its International Affairs, Legal Affairs, and Civil Rights Committees (the latter for which he helped approve submission of ADL friend-of-the-court briefs in U.S. Supreme Court cases, including those involving the expansion of rights for Guantanamo Bay detainees), and the Chairmanships of the League’s Pacific Southwest Regional Board and its Los Angeles-based International Affairs Committee. In the latter post, Bruce Einhorn has engaged in extensive liaison activities between ADL and the Los Angeles-based Consuls General of foreign countries. As an ADL leader, Einhorn helped draft the Declaration of Los Angeles, which called for a carefully balanced national policy of protecting homeland security and immigrant rights, and which strongly criticized the activities of so-called “minute men” who attempt to become involved as vigilantes in border security and who in part have been linked to racist organizations. The Declaration has been co-signed by a number of civil rights groups and was recently adopted by the Los Angeles City Council and California State Legislature. Currently, Einhorn participates as a founding member and as Co-Chair of the ADL Latino-Jewish Roundtable of Los Angeles, and also works with the Consuls General of Mexico, Israel, Germany, Canada, and other countries on initiatives involving the international rights of women and ethnic and religious minorities. Also, as an ADL leader, Einhorn has spoken extensively on the separation of church and state, and has lectured to federal district court judges on sentencing guidelines for those convicted of federally defined hate crimes.
In 1999, Bruce Einhorn was honored for his ADL activities with the Daniel Ginsberg National Leadership Award in Civil Rights, presented to him in the presence of President Bill Clinton at a ceremony at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia, the home church of the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He has also been honored for his ADL activities by Representatives Howard Berman and Xavier Becerra of the U.S. House of Representatives, the California State Legislature, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, and the Los Angeles City Council. As a Jewish communal leader, Einhorn has also received a Lifetime Professional Achievement Award from the State of Israel.
From October 1979 through June 1990, Bruce Einhorn served as a special prosecutor and later as Chief of Litigation for the U.S. Justice Department’s Office of Special Investigations (“OSI”) in Washington, D.C., which is charged with seeking the identification, denaturalization, deportation, and prosecution of Nazi war criminals who escaped justice after World War II and have resided illegally in the United States. As an OSI prosecutor, Einhorn conducted investigations and trials of Nazi-era persecutors of Jews, Roma, Slavs, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, prisoners of war, and political dissidents. He conducted trial depositions of eyewitnesses to atrocities. Many of those depositions were taken in the former Soviet Union, Poland, East and West Germany, and France. Einhorn also participated in appellate arguments on behalf of OSI cases. For his work at OSI, Einhorn received three Justice Department Special Achievement Awards, the Attorney General’s Special Commendation Award, and the Distinguished Graduate Award of New York University School of Law. Bruce Einhorn was largely the basis for the character of the prosecutor in the motion picture, The Music Box.
Judge Einhorn has served as a senior advisor and interview instructor to Steven Spielberg’s Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, which has taken and preserved over 50,000 oral histories from Holocaust survivors. Einhorn served as a consultant on the Spielberg-produced film, The Last Days, which won the 1998 Academy Award for Best Documentary. Judge Einhorn is also a founding member of both the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., and of the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles.
Between November 2008 and January 2009, Bruce Einhorn served as an advisor on immigration law and policy to both the George Soros-financed “Apple Seed Project” on immigration court reform, and the Obama Transition Team through the law firm of Arnold and Porter.
Bruce J. Einhorn received his B.A. degree in history in 1975, magna cum laude, from Columbia College of Columbia University, and his J.D. degree in 1978 from New York University Law School. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, the national honors fraternity. In 1986, Judge Einhorn received NYU Law School’s Recent Graduate Award. From September 1978 to September 1979, Einhorn served as a judicial law clerk with the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. In 1979, he was accepted into the U.S. Justice Department’s Honors Program for Distinguished Law Graduates and Clerks. He is a member of the Bar of the United States Supreme Court, and a member of the American Bar Association, the American Constitution Society, the American Academy of Political Science, the American Civil Liberties Union, the U.S. Supreme Court Historical Society, the Organization of American Historians, the Abraham Lincoln Association, and the Theodore Roosevelt Association.
Bruce Einhorn has written op-ed pieces for The Los Angeles Times, The Los Angeles Daily Journal, and other newspapers. Judge Einhorn’s publications also include the following: (1) Political Asylum in the Ninth Circuit and the Case of Elias-Zacarias, 92 San Diego Law Review 597 (1992); and (2) The Prosecution of War Criminals and Violators of Human Rights in the United States, 19 Whittier Law Review 281 (1997). Judge Einhorn also recently served as a co-author of the book Refugee Roulette (published by NYU Press), which analyzes the disparity in asylum grant and denial rates by the U.S. Immigration Judge nation-wide and which proposes reforms in the asylum adjudication process. He also wrote a piece on the same issues in the January 2010 issue of Albany Law School’s Government Law Review. Einhorn has also authored thousands of judicial opinions.
On matters of immigration law, Bruce Einhorn has argued cases before the United States Courts of Appeals for the Ninth, Sixth, and other Circuits, and before the U.S. Supreme Court. He has given numerous lectures on federal appellate and trial advocacy for health care professionals and attorneys in matters of medical malpractice law. He is engaged in discovery referee activities and arbitration and mediation work with Alternative Resolution Centers in Century City, California. Einhorn has also been involved in bar conferences on the economic impact of immigration and on copyright and intellectual property law.
Judge Einhorn serves on the Board of Directors of the Beverly Hills Bar Association, and on the Executive Committee of the Immigration Section of the Los Angeles County Bar Association. In addition, he is a member of the Boards of the Americans for Democratic Action in Southern California, the Progressive Jewish Alliance, and the Jewish Labor Committee. He is also a member of the Union of Reform Judaism and of the American Zionist Movement, the NAACP, and People for the American Way.
United States Immigration Judge
Southwestern Law School
Judge Gembacz was appointed as a United States Immigration Judge with the U.S. Department of Justice in November 1996 and retired in June 2008. He received his B.A. from Southwestern State University in Oklahoma in 1969, and his J.D. from Southwestern University School of Law in Los Angeles in 1979. Judge Gembacz also received an M.B.A. in Taxation from Golden Gate University in 1984. From 1990 to 1996, he was an Assistant District Counsel with the Immigration and Naturalization Service in Los Angeles. From 1985 to 1990, he worked as a Tax Litigation and Criminal Tax Attorney with the Internal Revenue Service, also in Los Angeles. From 1983 to 1985, Judge Gembacz served as a Staff Counsel with the California State Board of Equalization in Sacramento. He was in private practice for three years. Judge Gembacz served on active duty with the United States Army from 1969 to 1976 and retired from the U.S. Army Reserves with the rank of Colonel. He is a member of the California Bar and was a Certified Specialist in Taxation.
Judge Gembacz has served as an adjunct faculty Member of the National Judicial College training new Immigration Judges and has presented the topic of Torture Convention Relief to an annual National Immigration Judge Conference. He has also participated is numerous panels dealing with immigration topics before local law schools and bar organizations. In 2004, Judge Gembacz was selected as the Outstanding Judicial Officer at Southwestern Law School. In 2009, he was elected to the Alumni Board of Directors for Southwestern Law School. He is also an adjunct faculty at Southwestern Law School, currently teaching an asylum law class. He has been extensively quoted in newspapers and legal publications regarding immigration matters.
Law Offices of Cobos & Ayala
John Ayala, a named partner at the Los Offices of Cobos & Ayala in Burbank, California, received his B.A. degree at the University of Southern California, in Los Angeles, California and his J.D. degree at Boston University School of Law in Boston, Massachusetts.
Mr. Ayala represents individuals in immigration matters before Immigration Courts, Board of Immigration Appeals, the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the Southern and Central U.S. District Courts in California.
Mr. Ayala was the 2007-2008 Chair of the Southern California Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyer’s Association. Mr. Ayala has been a practicing attorney for 14 years.
Law Office of Raul E. Godinez
Raul E. Godinez established and successfully manages the Law Office of Raul E. Godinez, a Los Angeles firm that specializes in removal defense.
He practices before the immigration courts, the Board of Immigration Appeals, district courts and Ninth Circuit.
He was counsel in the published decisions Juarez v. Ashcroft, and Mejia v. Gonzales, and was recognized by AILA with the Joseph Minsky Award.
Mr. Godinez is a past chair of AILA’s Southern California chapter. He received his J.D. from the University of San Diego and his undergraduate degree from the University of California at Berkeley.
Fragomen, Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy, LLP
Paull is the managing partner of Fragomen's San Francisco office. He joined Fragomen in New York in 1994 and has also worked for the firm in Mexico City and Boston. Paull manages immigration programs for employers of all kinds, ranging from large financial firms to small software start-ups. He represents some of San Francisco’s most prominent businesses, including financial services, retail and consumer goods, and software companies.
Paull also works closely with venture capital firms and corporate attorneys in the Bay Area in helping the founders of new companies qualify for visas to make significant financial and intellectual contributions to the economy, and to create on-going immigration procedures as these companies grow.
Paull frequently speaks before organizations regarding business litigation. He received his law degree from Georgetown University Law Center and his Bachelor's Degree from Harvard.
Law Office of Robert B. Jobe
Robert B. Jobe is widely recognized as one of the nation’s finest immigration litigators. He has litigated at all levels of the federal court system (including the United States Supreme Court), testified in the United States House of Representatives, authored numerous articles and a leading treatise on the law of asylum, and lectured widely on immigration-related issues. In recognition of his achievements, Mr. Jobe has been awarded the American Immigration Lawyers Association’s Jack Wasserman Award for Excellence in Immigration Litigation (Houston, Texas 1998), the Immigrant Legal Resource Center’s Phillip Burton Award for Outstanding Immigration Lawyering (San Francisco, California 1993), and the National Coalition to Protect Political Freedom's Constitutional Rights Award For Outstanding Legal Service Against the Use of Secret Evidence (Washington, D.C. 2001). In 2005, 2006 and 2007, he was named one of Northern California’s “Super Lawyers” by San Francisco magazine.
Mr. Jobe has served as counsel in several of the most significant immigration cases of the last decade: Asylum: Through his litigation efforts, Mr. Jobe has defined the contours of asylum law in the western United States on issues ranging from the definition of persecution and whether the threat of persecution must exist country-wide to whether an alien who has engaged in "terrorist activities" can be barred from asylum as a danger to national security.
Law Offices of Becky Walker James
Kathryn Lohmeyer is an Associate with the Law Offices of Becky Walker James in Los Angeles. Kathryn has been interested and involved in immigration law for over 15 years. Prior to and during law school, Kathryn worked as a corporate immigration paralegal, and that experience sparked her interest in practicing law. As an associate with a national law firm, Kathryn’s advisory work for corporate clients included analysis of SEVIS compliance for an F-1 student exchange program and preparation of a successful response to a USCIS notice of intent to deny a VAWA petition for a pro bono client. It was, however, Kathryn’s five-and-a-half years clerking for judges in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals that provided exceptional opportunities to expand the breadth and depth of her knowledge in the field.
Most recently, as a law clerk to the Honorable Arthur Alarcón of the Ninth Circuit, she reviewed petitions for review of agency denials of all forms of humanitarian relief from removal and of waivers of various grounds of inadmissibility and deportability. She also reviewed collateral attacks on underlying removal orders in the context of appeals from convictions for re-entry after removal.
Kathryn enjoys speaking on immigration topics, and she recently provided training for law students in U.C. Berkeley’s California Asylum Representation Clinic. She also authors articles on immigration matters and has taught immigration law as an adjunct professor of law at Whittier Law School. Her recent article, Testing the Boundaries of Humanitarian Relief from Removal: A Case Study of Claims by Mexican Law Enforcement Officers Targeted by Narcotraffickers, was published in the Arizona State Law Journal of Social Justice in the fall of 2011, and her present research concerns the scope of the statutory definition of “admission” for purposes of eligibility for adjustment of status.
Certified Specialist in Immigration & Nationality Law, State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization
Law Offices of Carl Shusterman
Mr. Shusterman is a 1973 graduate of the UCLA School of Law. He served as an attorney for the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) until 1982 when he entered the private practice of law. He is authorized to practice before the Supreme Court of California, the Federal District Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth, Seventh and Ninth Circuits and the Supreme Court of the United States.
Mr. Shusterman is a former chairman of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), Southern California Chapter and served as a member of AILA's National Board of Governors (1988-97). He has chaired numerous AILA Committees, spoken at dozens of AILA Conferences and has contributed a number of scholarly articles to AILA's publications.
Mr. Shusterman is a Certified Specialist in Immigration and Nationality Law, State Bar of California. He has served as a member of the Immigration and Nationality Law Advisory Commission for the State Bar. Each year since 2002, he has been voted as a Super Lawyer in Southern California by his colleagues in the bar. For each of the past 10 years, Mr. Shusterman has been voted as one of the Best Lawyers of America He is listed in The International Who’s Who of Corporate Immigration Lawyers.
Mr. Shusterman is a frequent writer and lecturer on immigration law. His articles, letters to the editor and quotes have appeared in such prestigious publications as the New York Times, Washington Post, Canada's Globe and Mail, USA Today, Los Angeles Times, Wall Street Journal, National Law Journal, California Lawyer, Los Angeles Lawyer, Journal of the American Medical Association, Christian Science Monitor, Atlantic Monthly, Computer World, Information Week, Issues in Science and Technology, Variety, and numerous other publications. He has written for, and been quoted extensively in, leading periodicals specializing in immigration law including Interpreter Releases, Immigration Law and Procedure, Immigration Briefings, Inside Immigration, Immigration Journal and U.S. Immigrant Magazine. In addition, he has appeared on various television programs including NBC's Today Show, CNN's Headline News, the Nightly News with Peter Jennings and on a wide variety of nationally syndicated radio shows.
Mr. Shusterman has testified as an expert witness before the Senate Immigration Subcommittee in Washington, D.C.
Law Offices of Stacy Tolchin
Stacy Tolchin recently opened the Law Offices of Stacy Tolchin. She previously headed the Los Angeles offices of Van Der Hout, Brigagliano & Nightingale, LLP. Ms. Tolchin primarily litigates before the Courts of Appeals and U.S. District Courts, and speaks regularly at conferences regarding federal court immigration litigation. Ms. Tolchin is the recipient of the American Immigration Lawyers Association’s 2009 Jack Wasserman Award for Excellence in Immigration Litigation, the 2009 American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California Equal Justice Advocacy Award, the 2008 recipient of the National Immigration Law Center Annual Award, a 2007 Recipient of the “Unsung Hero” Award for the National Lawyers Guild of the Bay Area, and was recognized in 2003 by the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee of San Francisco. She is a member of the Board of Directors of the National Immigration Project for the National Lawyers Guild, a member of the Board of the Southern California Chapter of the National Lawyers Guild, and a member of AILA. Ms. Tolchin is a graduate of University of California at Los Angeles (JD).
Seminar, Webinar, Webcast Registration and Attendance Terms & Policies
Reminder: The room temperature at hotels and other seminar locations are notoriously hard to control. Please bring a sweater or jacket in case it gets cold and/or layer as if you are going to the movies so you are comfortable.
Recording policy: No audio or video recording of any program is permitted.
Seminar Cancellations: Should you be unable to attend for any reason, please inform us in writing no later than 14 days prior to the event and a credit voucher will be issued. If you prefer, a refund, less a $50 non-refundable deposit, will be issued. No refunds or credits will be given for cancellations received within 14 days of an event. However, if you notify us within 14 days of an event, and wish to convert your in-person attendance registration to an Audio CD package (with handout), we can do so. A small additional shipping charge, and sales tax in CA, will be incurred. No shipping charge is incurred for downloads. We will also issue a voucher for the amount paid if you notify us within 14 days and prefer not to have the audio recording.
Substitutions may be made at any time.
Webinars, Tele-seminars and Webcast Cancellations: Once log-in codes and passwords are issued for a webinar, tele-seminars or webcasts, a refund is not possible. If for any reason you cannot attend the event after you have received the codes, we will automatically convert your registration to an instant streaming/instant download or CD format and provide you with the information you need to access the recording after the program concludes and the recording is available.
Return/Refund Policy for Downloads/Tapes/CDs/DVDs:
Downloads are non-returnable/non-refundable once purchased and received. Tapes, CDs and DVDs are returnable for a full refund or replacement if defective, within 90 days of purchase.
We have all seen the sad story in the news about a neglectful dog owner who goes into a store "just for a minute" and returns to find his dog dead inside the car, where, on hot days, interior temperatures can reach over 160 degrees in just ten minutes. In happier endings, the police arrive to smash the car window to rescue the dog in time. Please consider buying and using this sun shade to spread the word to keep dogs (and other pets) safe on hot days. For only $20.00 you could save an animal's life. It's a bargain.